Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 403

JVMAH Articles

A survey of ticks and East Coast fever among cattle in Fangak County, Jonglei State, South Sudan

July 2015

This study was carried out in Fangak County, Jonglei State, South Sudan, with aim to identify the main ticks species and follow north limit of the theileriosis in Jonglei. Three localities namely; Hai, Toggar and Bichoul kun village in Phoum payam were selected as suspected area for East Coast fever (ECF), Group A) and Kuer kan in Manjang payams were selected as non suspected area for ECF (Group B). These groups A and...

Author(s): S. S. M. Nyoap, A. A. Majok and D. A. Salih

Serological evidence of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) antibodies in pigs from northeastern Nigeria

July 2015

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in Nigeria with studies conducted in cattle, sheep and goats. A cross-sectional study for foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) antibodies in field sera collected for African swine fever (ASF) surveillance was conducted in order to determine the status of FMDV in swine within the study area. Four hundred and fifty field sera collected as part of National ASF Surveillance Programme...

Author(s): Wungak Y. S, Lazarus D. D., Agom D. and Ularamu H. G.

Serological evidence of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) in camels (Camelus dromedaries) in Nigeria

July 2015

Foot-and-mouth-disease (FMD) is one of the most important trans-boundary animal diseases in Africa with outbreaks occurring mostly in cattle. However, there is scarcity of information on the potential role of camels in the epidemiology of FMD virus in West Africa. A total of 360 camel sera collected from abattoir  in Nigeria from different geo-political zones (North, West and East) were screened for the presence of...

Author(s): Ularamu H. G., Wungak Y. S., Lazarus D. D., Woma T. Y., Ehizibolo D. O., Dogonyaro B. B., Bwala D. G., Bakari A. H., Agom D., Onoja M. A., Ibu J. O. and Shamaki D.  

Prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in cattle slaughtered at Gombe township abattoir, Gombe State, Nigeria

July 2015

A study to determine the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in cattle slaughtered in the Gombe township abattoir was conducted from March to July, 2009. Three hundred and twenty (320) cattle comprising of four breeds, slaughtered at the abattoir were examined post mortemly for bovine tuberculosis. The four breeds and number of each examined were White Fulani (155), Red Bororo (92), Sokoto Gudali (53) and Muturu (20)....

Author(s): K. L. Adang, S. L. Kela and S. Sale

Causes of organ condemnation, its public health and financial significance in Nekemte municipal abattoir, Wollega, Western Ethiopia

June 2015

A cross-sectional study was conducted from October, 2013 to April, 2014 on cause of organ condemnation, its public health and financial significance in Nekemte municipal abattoir in East Wollega zone, Oromia regional state of Ethiopia. The overall objective was to determine the cause of organ condemnation, its public health and financial significance due to fasciolosis, hydatidosis, Cysticercus bovis and other causes....

Author(s): Lati Efrem, Biresaw Serda, Berhanu Sibhat and Eyob Hirpa

Trypanosomes and helminths infections in Mayo Rey Division of Cameroon and impact of concurrent infections on cattle

June 2015

A survey was carried out to determine the prevalence of gastro-intestinal nematodes and trypanosome infections and their impact on two indicators of cattle health in the Sudano Sahelian Region of Cameroon in June, 2013. A total of 223 cattle were randomly selected from 24 herds and examined for blood parasite infections (parasitaemia) and for gastrointestinal nematode fecal egg counts. The prevalence of helminth...

Author(s): Mamoudou Abdoulmoumini, Pierre Fongho Suh and Ebene Njongui Jean

Prevalence of endoparasitic helminths of donkeys in and around Haramaya district, Eastern Ethiopia

June 2015

A cross sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of endoparasites of donkeys in and around Haramaya district, East Hararghe zone of Oromia regional state. Coprological examination was carried out on fecal samples collected from 384 donkeys. Simple flotation, sedimentation and fecal culture techniques were used for the detection of eggs and larvae of helminth parasites. The overall prevalence of...

Author(s): Biniam Tsegaye and Abdisa Chala 

Susceptibility pattern of aerobic bacteria isolated from septicemic cattle in Adama, Ethiopia

June 2015

From November, 2011 to March, 2012 a total of 586 cattle were examined for febrile conditions. From these animals, 62 (10.6) animals were found to be febrile. So the study was conducted on these animals with the objective of identifying and carrying out antibacterial susceptibility testing on the isolates. From the total of 62 blood cultures processed, only 37 cultures gave bacteria while the remaining 25 cultures were...

Author(s): Ayalew Assefa

Caprine Coccidiosis: An outbreak in the Green Mountain in Libya

June 2015

This study involved a herd consisting of 200 goats in Green Mountain area, suffering from decrease in weight gain, bloody diarrhoea and severe anaemia and in some cases death within few days. Generally, there was no response to the treatment with antibiotics, anthelmentics and multivitamins. The last animal that died was submitted for post-mortem examination. The disease affecting the herd was diagnosed as coccidiosis....

Author(s): M.A.M. Sharif, M.M.A. Alagab, I.M. Eldaghayes, A.M. Kammon, and A.S. Dayhum,

Parasitological and serological study of camel trypanosomosis (surra) and associated risk factors in Gabi Rasu Zone, Afar, Ethiopia

June 2015

Camel trypanosomosis (surra), caused by Trypanosoma evansi, is the most important single cause of morbidity and mortality in camels. Thus, a cross-sectional study was conducted from February to June, 2012 to investigate the parasitological and serological prevalence and associated risk factors of camel trypanosomosis in two camel rearing districts of Gabi Rasu zone, Afar region, Ethiopia. A total of 408 randomly...

Author(s): Weldegebrial Gebrezgabher Aregawi, Samson Terefe Kassa, Kidanie Dessalegn Tarekegn, Woldegebriel Tesfamariam Brehanu Sisay Tilahun Haile and Fikre Zeru Kiflewahid

Prevalence of bovine fasciolosis in and around Inchini town, West Showa Zone, Ada’a Bega Woreda, Centeral Ethiopia

June 2015

The study was conducted from November, 2008 to March, 2009 in six kebeles of Ada’a Berga Woreda, West Showa Zone, in and around Inchini town and indicated that bovine fasciolosis is widely spread with high prevalence, inducing economic loss to livestock production in the region. From a total of 573 cattle coprologically examined during the study period, 291 animals were found positive for liver fluke infection...

Author(s): Abdi Assefa, Zerihun Assefa, Desta Beyene and Fanta Desissa

The potential application of avian egg antibodies with emphasis on immunotherapeutic and immunodiagnostic purpose

May 2015

Avian eggs present an ideal alternative antibody source to mammals as the immunoglobulin (IgY) in the chicken’s blood is transported to the egg and accumulates in the egg yolk in large quantities. The existence of an immunoglobulin G (IgG)-like molecule in avian eggs, referred to as IgY, has been well documented, and extensive research has been carried out on its characterization, production and...

Author(s): Teshager Dubie, Tesfaye Sisay, Fikre Zeru, Mu-uz Gebru and Yimer Muktar  

Correlation between age, weight, scrotal circumference and the testicular and epididymal parameters of Red Sokoto bucks

May 2015

The effect of age, weight and scrotal circumference on the testicular and epididymal parameters was studied in the Red Sokoto bucks. Thirty-six testes from Red Sokoto bucks were used for this study. The animal’s age, weight, and scrotal circumference were determined and correlated with testicular weight, testicular diameter, testicular length, epididymal length, gonadal and extra-gonadal sperm motility and...

Author(s): O. S. Ajani, M. O. Oyeyemi and Olusoji J. Moyinoluwa  

Abattoir characteristics and seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis in cattle slaughtered at Bodija Municipal Abattoir, Ibadan, Nigeria

May 2015

Brucella abortus infection in humans in Nigeria has been recorded as a cause of febrile disease. In Nigeria, the transhumance (Fulani nomadic) husbandry system is the most common cattle farming system with about 95% of all the country’s cattle population produced under this husbandry system. About 75% of all slaughtered cattle are processed in government-approved abattoirs. In view of the aforementioned, this...

Author(s): Dauda Garba Bwala, Cheryl McCrindle, Folorunso Oludayo Fasina  and Ighodalo Ijagbone

Haemato-biochemical parameters as prognostic indicators in elephant colic

May 2015

Haemato-biochemical parameters were found to be useful prognostic indicators in assessing the severity of colic. Significant increase in packed cell volume (PCV), leucocytosis, neutrophilia and lymphocytosis was observed in case of severe colicky elephants. Significant increase in the blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels was observed in moderate and severe colic cases. In severely colicky elephants, the...

Author(s): Boon Allwin, P. A. Kalaignan and N. R. Senthil

A review on major bacterial causes of calf diarrhea and its diagnostic method

May 2015

Calf diarrheic diseases result from complex interactions of the environment. Infectious agents and the calf itself are the major constraints for raising replacement stock. Calf diarrhea is a multi factorial disease entity that can have serious financial and animal welfare implications in both dairy and beef sucker herds and is one of the most common diseases reported in calves up to 3 months old. Among the bacterial...

Author(s): Yimer Muktar, Gezhagne Mamo, Biruk Tesfaye and Dinaol Belina

Prevalence of small ruminant trypanosomosis in Assosa and Homosha districts, Benishangul Gumuz Regional State, North West of Ethiopia

May 2015

A cross sectional study was conducted at Assosa zone of Benishangul Gumuz, North West Ethiopia, to determine the prevalence of trypanosomosis in local breeds of sheep and goats. Blood sample from 384 randomly selected sheep and goats (177 from Assosa and 207 from Homosha districts) of different species, sex, age groups were examined by dark phase contrast buffy coat and thin smear examination for species identification...

Author(s): Zelalem Ayana, Diriba Lemma, Birhanu Abera and Eyob Eticha

Determinants of small ruminant farmers’ decision to participate in veterinary services in Northern Ghana

May 2015

This study analysed the determinants of small ruminant farmers’ participation in veterinary services in Northern Ghana. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to collect data on 249 farm households in different locations in Northern Ghana. Analytical tools including frequencies, means and logistic regression model were used to analyse the data. The regression analysis indicates a positive relationship between...

Author(s): Faizal Adams and Kwasi Ohene-Yankyera

Seroprevalence of small ruminant brucellosis and its effect on reproduction at Tellalak District of Afar region, Ethiopia

April 2015

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Tellalak district of Afar region to determine the sero-prevalence of small ruminant brucellosis and its association with major reproductive health problems. Serum samples (272 from goats and 142 from sheep) were collected from three randomly selected peasant associations along with a questionnaire survey. Animals above six months of age with no history of previous vaccination for...

Author(s): Wedajo Muleta Tadeg, Fekadu Regassa Gudeta, Tefera Yilma Mekonen, Yalew Tefera Asfaw, Alemayehu Lemma Birru and Abadi Amare Reda  

Prevalence of strongyle infection and associated risk factors in equine in Menz Keya Gerbil District, North-Eastern Ethiopia

April 2015

A cross sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of equine strongyles in Meneze Keya Geberial district from July 2013 to September 2013. Coprological examination using floatation technique and assessing risk factors were followed. A total of 390 equines, 204 donkeys, 174 horses, and 12 mules were included in the study. The overall prevalence was found to be 64.61% and the species specific prevalence was...

Author(s): Bereket Molla, Yalelet Worku, Abebe Shewaye and Alemgezahu Mamo  

Comparison of range of motion in Labrador Retrievers and Border Collies

April 2015

The objective of this paper was to compare the range of motion in Border Collies to that of Labrador Retrievers. Humeral circumference, thigh circumference and differences between sex and age were also compared. Twenty three (23) healthy Border Collies and 18 healthy Labrador Retrievers were used. A single investigator measured range of motion of the carpus, elbow, shoulder, hip, stifle and tarsus as well as humeral and...

Author(s): Laura L. Hady, Geoffrey T. Fosgate and J. Michael Weh  

Incidence of lumpy skin disease and associated risk factors among export-oriented cattle feedlots at Adama District, Central Ethiopia

April 2015

A study on incidence of lumpy skin disease (LSD) was conducted at 20 exports-oriented cattle feedlots found in Adama district in Central Ethiopia between June and December, 2011. The 11,189 bulls in the 20 exports-oriented feedlots were clinically examined and evaluated for LSD, its incidence, mortality and morbidity. The overall incidence and mortality rate of LSD in cattle feedlots was 6.1 and 1.8% respectively....

Author(s): Gezahegn Alemayehu Samson Leta, Eyob Eshetu and Ayinalem Mandefro  

The prevalence of gastro-intestinal parasites of carnivores in university zoological gardens in South West Nigeria

April 2015

A survey of prevalence and intensity of gastro-intestinal parasites of carnivores in three university zoological gardens in South-West Nigeria was conducted. Faecal samples collected were analysed with flotation technique using a saturated solution of zinc sulfate as the floating solution, McMaster Egg Counting Technique and Petri Dish-Filter Paper Slant technique for larval recovery. Faecal examination revealed an...

Author(s): Adeniyi,  I.C., Morenikeji, O.A. and Emikpe, B.O.  

Epidemiological study on ectoparasite infestation of small ruminants in Sodo Zuria District, Southern Ethiopia

April 2015

A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate magnitude of small ruminant ectoparasite infestation in Sodo Zuria district from November, 2013 to March, 2014. Out of the total 758 small ruminants, 51.5% sheep and 48.9 % goats were found infected with ectoprasite infestation (p=0.471). Standard identification of 383 ectoprasite specimens demonstrated ticks (34.6%), lice (7.1%), fleas (6.1%) and mange mites (2.8%)....

Author(s): Yishak Israel, Tsegalem Abera  and  Befekadu Urga Wakayo  

Growth performance and immunological response to Newcastle disease vaccinations of broiler chickens fed lysine supplemented diets

March 2015

The effect of supplementing varying concentration levels of dietary lysine on growth performance and immune response to Newcastle disease (ND) vaccinations of broiler chickens was assessed. A total number of 180 day-old broiler chicks of mixed sex were used for the experiment. The birds were divided into 4 treatments (Treatment A, B, C and D), in which each treatment was replicated 3 times with 15 birds per replicate....

Author(s): Faluyi, O. B., Agbede, J. O. and Adebayo I. A.  

Some of biosecurity measurements in different dairy farms in Khartoum State, Sudan

March 2015

Ninety dairy farms were surveyed in Khartoum State to investigate their veterinary supervision, management, husbandry, biosecurity and hygienic practices. The information was collected by using questionnaire, visits and direct interviews with farm owners. Supervision of the dairy farms revealed highly significant (P < 0.001) variations and mostly done by the owners and herd keepers (60.8%). Cows alone as the main...

Author(s): Adam E. I. Mohammed and Ibtisam E. M. El Zubeir  

Baseline vital, haematological and serum biochemical parameters of donkeys

March 2015

The aim of this study was to determine the baseline values of vital, haematological and serum biochemical parameters in apparently healthy experimental donkeys in North-Western Nigeria, with a view to providing additional data on normal values for donkeys. Twenty four apparently healthy donkeys comprising of 12 males and 12 females, aged 11 to 15 months were used. The animals were housed in prepared experimental pen and...

Author(s): Umaru Musa Garba, A. K. B. Sackey, Lawal A. Idris and K.A.N. Esievo  

Elastography: Principles and considerations for clinical research in veterinary medicine cibele

March 2015

Since the beginning of medicine, palpation has been the primary semiologic method used to detect abnormalities during clinical examination. The mechanical properties of soft tissues are usually related to changes in stiffness. However, changes in stiffness and echogenicity of soft tissues are not always correlated. Elastography has emerged in the last decade as a new method that, when used in association with...

Author(s): Figueira Carvalho, Thassila Caccia Feragi Cintra and Maria Cristina Chammas  

Risk factors and level of awareness of canine brucellosis in Jos, Plateau state, Nigeria

February 2015

Jos has a large population of dogs because of its cultural acceptance as meat, good weather condition for exotic breeds, persistent security challenges and dog breeding activities which is very lucrative. This study was undertaken to determine the risk factors and level of awareness of canine brucellosis among dog owners in Jos by means of a structured questionnaire. Three hundred and fifty respondents were interviewed...

Author(s): Habiba Abdullateef Momoh, Gabriel Ogbaji Ijale, Ikwe Ajogi and Emmanuel Chukwuma Okolocha

Diagnostic approaches for tick-borne haemoparasitic diseases in livestock

February 2015

Tick-borne diseases (TBDs) are a major economic constraint to livestock production affecting the productivity of livestock worldwide. Identification of these haemoprotozan and rickettsial infections is essential in understanding the epidemiology and it is important to distinguish between species and subspecies involved. Conventional techniques including serological and microscopic examinations do not always meet these...

Author(s): D. A. Salih, A. M. El Hussein and L. D. Singla

Internal and external parasites of camels (Camelusdromedarius) slaughtered at Addis Ababa Abattoir, Ethiopia

February 2015

A cross-sectional study was undertakento estimate the prevalence of internal and external parasites of camels slaughtered at Addis Ababa abattoir, Ethiopia. A total of 384 of camels originating from Borena and Metehara areas were examined during the study period and all (100%) of them were found to harbor at least two parasite species. In this study,the prevalence of tick, gastrointestinal parasites,...

Author(s): Aboma Regassa, Nesibu Awol, Birhanu Hadush, Yisehak Tsegaye andTeshale Sori

Major gastrointestinal helminth parasites of grazing small ruminants in and around Ambo town of Central Oromia, Ethiopia

February 2015

A cross-sectional survey was conducted to estimate the prevalence of small ruminant helminthosis and associated risk factors in and around Ambo town of central Oromia, Ethiopia between February and May, 2013. A total of 120 small ruminants were examined using standard parasitological procedures. The study showed that 49.2% of the study animals were found to harbor eggs of one or more gastrointestinal helminth parasites....

Author(s): Temesgen Ayana and Walanso Ifa

Ultrasonographic assessment of uterine involution and ovarian activity in West Africa Sahelian goats

February 2015

This study aimed to characterize uterine involution and early ovarian postpartum activity in Sahelian goats. A total of 21 goats were allowed to nurse their kids and were examined every other day for complete uterine involution or daily for follicular development using a 5 MHz transrectal linear transducer. The obtained results indicated three phases of uterine regression, a fast involution phase (rates of 0.71 cm/day),...

Author(s): Moussa Zongo, Boureima Traoré, Mohammed Mahmoud Ababneh, Christian Hanzen and Laya Sawadogo

Epidemiological study on poultry coccidiosis: Prevalence, species identification and post mortem lesions in grower chicken in Kombolcha, North-Eastern Ethiopia

January 2015

A cross sectional study was conducted in Kombolcha Poultry Farm Enterprise to determine the prevalence, assessment of the risk factors and to identify the pathological abnormalities due to different species of Eimeria in 582 chickens of age 21 to 100 days, kept under deep litter management system from December, 2013 to March, 2014. The study involved fecal examination, post mortem examination, gross lesion examination,...

Author(s): Bereket Molla, and Abdu Ali

Determination of the presence and concentration of heavy metal in cattle hides singed in Nsukka abattoir

January 2015

Due to the health related problems associated with eating red meat, cattle hides also known as ponmo or kanda, have become a substitute for  red meat in Nigeria which in turn have resulted in the  increase demand for this product. To meet this demand, abattoir workers do not take time in processing these hides appropriately as different substances are used to fuel the wood to hasten the process of singeing....

Author(s): Kalu Ekenma, Nwanta John Anelon and Anaga Aruh Ottah

Bovine hydatidosis: Prevalence, public health and its economic significance in and around Harar, Ethiopia

January 2015

Both cross-sectional and retrospective studies were conducted from October, 2011 to June, 2012 in and around Harar to determine prevalence, public health and economic significance of bovine hydatidosis. Out of 384 cattle examined with thorough carcass inspection at Harar city municipal abattoir, 36 (9.4%) were found to be infected with hydatid cyst. Significant differences were found among adult and young, poor, medium...

Author(s): Dinaol Belina, Getnet Fekadu, Eyasu Zegaye and Sena Belina

Traumatic urinary bladder injuries in small animals

January 2015

Traumatic urinary bladder injuries in the recent times are considered to be of great importance in veterinary medicine, as they can lead to significant morbidity and subsequent mortality when diagnosed late or left untreated. However, the true incidence rates, absolute treatment recommendations and prognoses of lower urinary tract traumas are not available in literatures as the majority of specific information regarding...

Author(s): Muhammad Sa’idu Tanko, Cheh Augustine Awasum,  Adamu Zoaka Hassan,  Bala Usman, and Balarabe Magaji Jahun

Cross-sectional study on bovine fasciolosis: prevalence, coprological, abattoir survey and financial loss due to liver condemnation at Areka Municipal Abattoir, Southern Ethiopia

January 2015

A cross-sectional study was carried out from November 2013 to April 2014 on bovine fasciolosis at Areka municipal abattoir to estimate the prevalence of bovine fasciolosis, associated risk factors, evaluate the sensitivity of coprological test and estimate direct annual financial loss due to liver condemnation. From 400 sampled cattle’s during the study period, 67 (16.75%) of their fecal samples and 120 (30%) of...

Author(s): Nebyou Moje, Solomon Mathewos, Fanta Desissa and Alemayehu Regassa

Study on molecular characterization of rabies virus N gene segment from different animal species in the Sultanate of Oman

December 2014

The present study was conducted to determine the molecular characterization of nucleoprotein (N) gene segment of the rabies virus (RV) in Sultanate of Oman. A portion of nucleotide sequence of N gene was amplified from the brains of 4 rabid animals (two goats, one sheep, and one camel) collected during 2011 to 2012, through reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The nucleotide sequences of the gene...

Author(s): Mohammad Hasan Hussain Body, Abdulmajeed Al Rawahi, Muhammad Hammad Hussain, Saif Said Al Habsi, Ali Awlad Wadir, Nirmala Saravanan, Mohammad Sayed Ahmed, and Sunil Rajamony

Rational veterinary drug use: Its significance in public health

December 2014

Veterinary drugs are used as therapeutic, prophylactic and growth promotion, and can be used in either rational or irrational way. Rational use of drugs means the sick animals receive medications appropriate to their clinical needs, in doses that meet their own individual requirements, for an adequate period of time, and at the lowest cost to them and their community. Irrational drug uses are characterized by...

Author(s): Takele Beyene and Berihun Tesega

An Abattoir Survey on the Prevalence and Monetary Loss of Fasciolosis Among Cattle Slaughtered at Dangila Municipal Abattoir, Ethiopia

December 2014

Bovine fasciolosis is an economically important parasitic disease of cattle in tropical and subtropical countries responsible for considerable economic losses in the cattle industry, mainly through condemnation of fluke-infected liver. A cross sectional study was conducted between October, 2013 and March, 2014 to determine the prevalence and monetary losses associated with bovine fasciolosis and comparing coprology and...

Author(s): Alemu Fetene and Mekonnen Addis

Animal health constraints in dairy goats kept under smallholder farming systems in Kongwa and Mvomero Districts, Tanzania

November 2014

  This study was conducted to determine animal health constraints for dairy goats kept by small-scale farmers in Kongwa and Mvomero districts, Tanzania. A total of 129 dairy goats belonging to 108 farmers were screened for gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infection, coccidiosis, haemoparasites, brucellosis and contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) over a period of 11 months. Other clinical diseases and...

Author(s): Dismas Said Ngasa Shija, Lughano Jeremy Moses Kusiluka, Sebastian Wilson Chenyambuga, Deogratias Shayo and Faustin Paul Lekule

Prevalence, cyst viability, organ distributions and financial losses due to hydatidosis in cattle slaughtered at Nekemte municipal abattoir, Western Ethiopia

November 2014

  A cross-sectional study was conducted from October, 2013 to March, 2014 to assess the prevalence, cyst viability, organs distribution and direct financial losses of hydatidosis in cattle slaughtered at Nekemte municipal abattoir. Out of 473 inspected cattle at postmortem inspection, 82 (17.34%) were harboring a single or multiple hydatid cysts. Significantly (P < 0.05) higher infection rate was observed in...

Author(s): Nebyou Moje and Adugna Degefa

Seroprevalence of brucellosis in small ruminants in pastoral areas of Oromia and Somali regional states, Ethiopia

November 2014

  A cross-sectional study was conducted from November, 2013 to April, 2014 in pastoral areas of Oromia and Somali regional states to determine the prevalence of brucellosis in small ruminants and assess associated risk factors. The multistage sampling technique was used on total population in the selected district during the study period. A total of 420 serum samples were collected from 129 sheep and 291 goats...

Author(s):  H. Tsehay, G. Getachew, A. Morka, B. Tadesse and H. Eyob

Effect of orally administered bitter leaf (Vernonia amygdalina) extract on the growth performance and haematological parameters of broiler chicken

October 2014

The effect of administering graded concentration levels of Vernonia amygdalina (bitter leaf) extract to broiler birds for growth performance and health promoter potential (haematological parameters) was evaluated. The birds were randomly distributed into six treatments with three replicates per treatment, each replicate having 10 birds. Treatment 1 is the control treatment given only water, treatment 2 were given...

Author(s): Osho, I. B., Akindahunsi, A., Igbasan, F. A. and Adekunle, D. J.

Abomasal nematodes of small ruminants slaughtered in Bahir Dar Town, North West Ethiopia

October 2014

This study was conducted during November, 2013 to March, 2014 to identify the species and to determine the burden of abomasal nematodes of small ruminants slaughtered in Bahir Dar town. A total of 384 abomasa (269 sheep and 115 goats) were collected and examined according to the standard procedures. An overall prevalence of 55.7% was recorded for abomasal nematodes of sheep and goats. The host specific prevalence of...

Author(s): Ayichew Teshale and Kassaye Aragaw

Evaluation of safety and quality of surgical care at a Veterinary Teaching Hospital

October 2014

A retrospective review of 463 case notes of surgical procedures performed on dogs at the surgery unit of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Ibadan Nigeria between 2003 and 2013 was conducted to evaluate the level of compliance with safety and quality of care standards. Quality of patients’ records of major surgical procedures was evaluated with reference to pre-surgical evaluation protocols,...

Author(s): Akinrinmade Joseph Fadeyemi

A cross-sectional sero-survey of some infectious diseases of working equids in Central Ethiopia

September 2014

Despite the large numbers of working equids and their significant contribution towards communities as well as the national economy, the attention given to study the health and welfare problems of working equids in Ethiopia is quite minimal. The main objective of this study was to investigate the sero-prevalence of some important infectious diseases infecting working equids and asses their spatial distribution in the...

Author(s): M. Getachew, , F. Alemayehu, C. Chala, B. Amare, D. Kassa, F. Burden, R. Wernery and U. Wernery

Isolation and identification of aerobic bacterial species from upper respiratory tract of cart horses in Central Ethiopia

September 2014

A cross sectional study to isolate and identify aerobic bacterial species from upper respiratory tract of horses was conducted from October, 2009 to April, 2010. Forty eight apparently healthy horses (APHH) and 56 horses with respiratory tract diseases (HRTD) brought to Society for protection of animals abroad (SPANA) clinics in Central Ethiopia were randomly selected. Swab samples were collected aseptically from...

Author(s): Tesfaye Debelu,  Nigatu Akililu, Tesfaye Sisayand  Fanta Desissa

Decreased level of serum paraoxonase (PON) activity in dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)

September 2014

Serum Paraoxonase (PON1) is a high-density lipoprotein associated esterase capable of hydrolyzing numerous organophosphates and protects low-density lipoprotein against peroxidation. PON1 is believed to play a crucial role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease in animals and PON1 activity has been shown to be low after myocardial infarction, liver disease and during oxidative stress. Here in this article we...

Author(s): Mahadesh Prasad AJ , Monika Krueger, Maxi Krueger

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